With its massive three-horned head, triceratops was a heavyweight among dinosaurs. Few predators would dare attack this powerful animal for fear of its long, sharp, deadly horns.
Leg Strong: To support its massive body, triceratops had powerful legs, similar to an elephant's. The dinosaur weighed about as much as two school buses.
Triple Threat: The three horns of triceratops were made of keratin, the same substance from which our fingernails are made. The horns above the eyes were the longest, reaching a length of about three feet.
Mr. Big Head
Triceratops had a huge head, the equal in weight to a small car. Its skull not only supported its three horns but also a bony frill that acted as a hard-hat to protect the animal. Though it looked fierce with its horns and helmet, triceratops fed on plants, such as shrubs and trees.
Bird Beak: The front of triceratops' jaws formed a beak similar to a parrot's. It used the sharp edges of the beak for cutting through vegetation.
Tail Heavy: The tail of triceratops weighed about as much as its head. The dinosaur needed the weight at its rear end to stay balanced and not fall forward on its face.
- There were several types of horned-faced dinosaurs. One was Centrosaurus. It had a single horn, similar to the modern day rhinoceros.
- Pachyrhinosaurus had more of a hard pad on its nose and probably used it to push and shove during fights with other dinosaurs.
- Styracosaurus was the family member with the most horns. It had six horns around its frill, plus a long horn near its snout.